Queen Elizabeth I

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Already deprived of her title of Princess of Wales and told that she was illegitimate, the resentful seventeen-year old was to go to Hatfield as one of her sister ladies in waiting. Whenever the household moved to a different location there was another embarassing scene. These dramas apart, life in the household was carefully regulated. All major decisions had to be referred to Henry. The girl was like her father in colouring, with golden-red hair and a very fair skin, and Anne ordered dresses of white damask, green satin and yellow satin for her.

These details mattered, for clothing was an important indication of status. Anne did eventually conceive a son, but he was stillborn. By that point, Henry had begun to grow tired of Anne and began to plot her downfall. Most, if not all, historians agree that Henry 's charges of incest against Anne were false, but they were all he needed to sign her execution warrant. She was beheaded on the Tower Green in May, , before Elizabeth was even three years old. No one knows who told Elizabeth what happened, or what she felt. Her own household was thrown into a state of disarray.

Her half-sister Mary was not one of them. Henry has remarried and was eagerly awaiting the son he hoped Jane Seymour was carrying. Jane Seymour was eager to gather her new family together, and both Mary and Elizabeth were summoned to Hampton Court for her confinement.

Bloody Queens Elizabeth and Mary 2016 - BBC Documentary

Jane died shortly after Edward was born. She was still liked by her father, but she fell into the shadows once her half-brother was born. Elizabeth was third in line for the throne of England behind her radical Protestant brother Edward and her conservative Catholic sister Mary. When Elizabeth was four, her Governess Lady Margaret Bryan transfered to the household of the newly born Prince Edward , and the little girl passed into the care of Catherine Champernowne , the daughter of a solidly respectable gentlefolk from Devonshire who had received an unnusually advanced education for a woman at thet time.

In she became the wife of John Ashley , a distant cousin of Anne Boleyn.

Queen Elizabeth I of England

Kat Ashley , as she was then known, came to exercise considerable influence over the growing Elizabeth , to whom she was utterly devoted. She brought both Elizabeth and her half-sister Mary back to court. A cultivated Protestant, she was anxious that the children of the King have a suitable education, and she encouraged Henry to lure a clutch of eminent scholars from Oxford and Cambridge to teach the Prince. Whenever Elizabeth was in the same house, she shared his lessons.

Elizabeth had many lovers - MYTH

When Henry died, she became the Dowager Queen and took her household from Court. Edward ascended to the throne when he was ten years old. Monument to Blanche Parry , kneeling alongside Elizbabeth, in St. Elizabeth went to live with Queen Dowager Catherine , but left her household after an incident with the Lord Admiral, Thomas Seymour , who was now Catherine 's husband. Just what occurred between these two will never be known for sure, but rumors at the time suggested that Catherine had caught them kissing or perhaps even in bed together. When Princess Elizabeth was being questioned about her relationship with the Lord Admiral , her custodian, Sir Robert Tyrwhitt , remembered that Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Lady Browne had gotten along well with the Princess and sent for her to spy on the girl.

7 things you (probably) didn’t know about Elizabeth I

Catherine was pregnant at the time of the incident, and Elizabeth was sent from May to Oct of to Cheshunt, the house of Sir Anthony Denny. This movement was the week after Whitsun in , wich fell on 20 May; so the date of would be the week of 27 May Elizabeth will never see her beloved stepmother again. Catherine died of childbirth not too long afterwards. This left Thomas Seymour as an eligible bachelor once again. She sent a note to the Lord Protector thanking for his concern about her health and for sending Dr.


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Bill too see her. Later, Thomas Seymour was arrested for an attempted kidnapping of King Edward and for plotting to marry himself to Elizabeth , who was an heir to the throne. From this incident, both Thomas and Elizabeth were suspected of plotting against the King. Elizabeth was questioned by Sir Robert Tyrwhitt , but was never charged.

Seymour however, was arrested and eventually executed for treason. Elizabeth 's household book for the year from October survives. She was suffering intermittent ill-health, but this did not prevent her from checking and signing every page of her accounts.

For a princess she lived modestly, economising where she could. Her table was supplied mainly from her estates. Young Edward had never been a strong child and eventfully contracted what was then called consumption.

It is most likely that he had tuberculosis, from contemporary accounts. When it looked inevitable the the teenager would die without an heir of his own body, the struggle for the crown began. Reports of the young King 's declining health spurred on those who did not want the crown to fall to the Catholic Mary.

At Edward painful death in , Jane was proclaimed Queen by her father and father-in-law, who rallied armies to support her. Elizabeth was at Hatfield throughout the crisis. It was Northumberland 's doing; he could not afford to have her at Court, complicating his plans. But as Edward 's health continued to deteriorate and death was imminent, Dudley sent a message to Hatfield, ordering Elizabeth to Greenwich Palace.

She may have been warned of his intentions - more likely she guessed them. She refused the summons, taking to her bed with a sudden illness. As a further precaution, her doctor sent a letter to the council certifying she was too ill for travel. As for Mary , Dudley had told her that Edward desired her presence; it would be a comfort to him during his illness. She was torn - though Dudley hid the true extent of the king's illness, the Imperial Ambassador had kept Mary informed. Conscious of her sisterly duty, Mary set out for Greenwich from Hunsdon the day before Edward died.

Dudley was enraged by Elizabeth 's refusal but he could do nothing. Soon enough, events moved too quickly for the princess to be his primary concern. It was being whispered that Dudley had poisoned the king to place his daughter-in-law on the throne. Of course, this was untrue since Dudley needed Edward to live as long as possible for his plan to work.

To this end, he had engaged a female 'witch' to help prolong the king's life. She concocted a mix of arsenic and other drugs; they worked, at least for Northumberland 's purpose. The young king lived for a few more weeks though he suffered terribly. Finally, on 6 Jul , Edward VI died. Immediately, Northumberland had Jane Grey proclaimed queen, an honor she had not sought and did not want.

It was only Dudley 's appeal to her religious convictions which convinced her to accept the throne.


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As soon as she knew that Jane had been proclamed Queen, Elizabeth took her bed, saying she was far to ill to travel anywhere. During the nine days of Jane 's reign, Elizabeth had continued her pretense of illness. It was rumored that Dudley had sent councilors to her, offering a large bribe if she would just renounce her claim to the throne. Elizabeth refused, remarking, ' You must first make this agreement with my elder sister, during whose lifetime I have no claim or title to resign '.

Famously unwanted, because her tyrannical father was obsessed with having a son to succeed him, Elizabeth's early life was troubled. When she was only two and a half years old her mother was beheaded and Elizabeth spent the rest of her childhood in the shadow of her father's court. No one imagined then that she would grow up to become one of the most successful and famous rulers of all time. While she worked hard at court, Elizabeth took time for leisurely pursuits.


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She loved music and could play the lute. Thomas Tallis and William Byrd were among her court musicians. Elizabeth also enjoyed dancing and watching plays. Elizabeth's reign supported the creation of works by such greats as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe. Writers paid tribute to the queen in many literary forms.

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The Ruthless 16th-Century Spy Network That Kept Queen Elizabeth I Safe

The poet Edmund Spenser based his character of Gloriana in The Faerie Queen on Elizabeth, and she was sometimes referred to by this name. Portraiture was the reigning form of painting at the time, and artists honored Elizabeth by painting her portrait. These images reveal that Elizabeth was an early fashionista in many ways.

She loved jewelry and beautiful clothing; her garments were often made with gold and silver.

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