Names of God in Judaism - Wikipedia
This was considered a very serious matter in early Jewish tradition as they took the grave threat of execution as stipulated in the Old Testament to even entail mispronunciation of The Name cf. However, while the intention to keep the Name of God sacred is certainly honorable and well-meaning, the drawbacks and detriment involved in making the Divine Name too sacrosanct to even speak can be far reaching. In most English versions, an attempt is made to distinguish between The Name and less sacred Hebrew titles e. However, this poses definite obstacles for accurately perceiving when The Name is actually used in the English text.
This is absolutely the case when Scripture is verbally communicated, such as in public reading or in conversation. Using small caps to denote The Name may be perceived by the visual reader who can see the stylistic difference. But when reading Scripture, the possibility of glossing over the occurrence of The Name readily exists.
Readers must constantly be evaluating the style of the text to notice the slight variation. Thus, utilizing these types of substitutions for The Name can make reading the text not only more taxing and obscure, but indeed, less effective overall. And thus, the unique Divine Name of God is suppressed in Scripture, concealed from the listening ear, and encrypted from the casual eye, making it far from easily discernible to all who desire to know and recognize when it appears in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament.
This complication produces a hurdle in the text that will not only result in irreparable loss for listeners, but may even yield considerable loss of intelligibility for readers as well. Restoring the Name of God in translations of the Hebrew text carries with it significant advantages and benefits to both the reader and listener of the Old Testament. Aside from the simple benefit of readily perceiving the places where it does occur, employing The Name in Scripture delivers additional advantages that warrant its use.
Following are several examples of the inherent profit in restoring the Name of God in Bible translation:. Use of the Divine Name can bring people into a deeper and more intimate relationship with God by knowing and using His personal Name. These reasons indicate that there are a number of important advantages in using the actual personal Name of God that is of inestimable value for the believer. If the Name of God is going to be used in Bible translation, what must be decided is which form of The Name will be used.
The most well-known English form of the Name of God is probably Jehovah. This form of The Name is widely recognized and used by the majority of readers as the Name of God. However, scholars have rightfully criticized this form, and in place of it, they have provided ample evidence that favors the form Yahweh as a more accurate rendering of the Hebrew. Some slight variations have been proposed, but Yahweh has been accepted in the field as the most appropriate and most faithful to the ancient Hebrew. The older and more well-known form Jehovah had its beginnings in the sixteenth century when it was introduced as an English pronunciation for the Name of God transliterated from the Hebrew.
Thus, the pronunciation of Jehovah is simply the phonetical representation of this hybrid construct and not actually the Name itself. This hybrid construct was never intended to actually represent the true Name but was to be a signal so that whoever was reading the Hebrew Scriptures out loud would not pronounce the Divine Name but rather would supply an alternate pronunciation while reading. This fact alone is more than enough for one to realize that the form Jehovah is an artificial rendering of The Name.
Even considering the supplied vowel pointing from Adonai , the form Jehovah fails to be a faithful substitute and is acknowledged to be a foreign and invalid pronunciation. God revealed His character most fully first of all to Moses when He sent him to deliver His people from Pharaoh in Egypt. After God appeared to Moses in the burning bush on Mt.
This is My name forever ; this is how I am to be remembered in every generation. God did not tell Moses to reveal His Name to the children of Israel in order to simply proclaim and validate that it was, in fact, Yahweh who sent him. God revealed His Name in order for Moses to remind the children of Israel who their God was and that their God had been with them all the time and He had demonstrated His covenantal nature through His relationship with their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
The Divine Name conveyed that God had not forsaken His people or neglected to hear their cries. The Name was intended to do much more than confirm a mere identity to the children of Israel. The act of deliverance from Egypt was intended to convince the children of Israel that Yahweh is their God and for them to know His character through the signs and miracles that they saw Him perform.
In other words, the Divine Name cannot be reproduced precisely in English with a single designation that can encompass everything it stands for. God is so vast and multifaceted, and His Name reflects this reality. Therefore, translators have tried to represent it in different ways in order to tap into at least part of who God really is and what His Name is meant to represent.
Several times in the Old Testament, God revealed aspects of what His Name signifies about Himself and how people have come to know the God that is expressed by that Name.
Assuming that only one aspect of the Divine Name is sufficient to understand what the Name represents is to fail to understand the majesty of the God who is expressed by The Name. God has revealed His Name in a multiplicity of ways because God is not defined by only one or two finite descriptions.
This description of Yahweh entails a vast identity that cannot be limited to a couple of finite ideas by which we can categorize God. As mere mortals with such limited understanding, the Divine Name is like a deep well that we cannot see the bottom of. When God told the prophet Jeremiah that He would punish His people and exile them to a faraway land for their sins, God also declared that He would gather them again and restore them to the land that He gave their ancestors Jer. God reveals Himself and proves Himself through what He says and how He acts. This is the way He made himself known to the Israelites when He delivered them from Egypt, and it is the way He made himself known to the descendants of Judah when they were exiled to Babylon and then brought back to the land of Canaan.
Yahweh is the true God, an all-powerful, eternal, intimate, and present God, who keeps covenant faithfulness with His people, making Himself known by everything that He has said and done. Even though Yahweh has revealed much of who He is to His people, there is still much more that yet remains unknown. It is hard to fathom how Yahweh is infinite, eternal, and perfect in all His ways, and yet He is so personal and intimate and cares for His creation. When Moses was turning over his role of leading the people of Israel to Joshua, he gave one piece of advice that he had come to realize about their God, Yahweh.
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Through all the journeys from Egypt, through the desert wilderness, and to the border of the Promised Land, God had always been there leading His people, providing for His people, and being present with His people. Deuteronomy NJB Yahweh himself will lead you; he will be with you; he will not fail you or desert you. Have no fear, do not be alarmed. The Divine Name is a personal Name, and as it is applied to His covenant people, it symbolizes His ownership of and presence among them as their God.
In ancient cultures, it was customary for vassals to bear the insignia of the king or magistrate whom they served. Thus, bearing the Name of God in this way could be viewed as a form of branding indicating servitude but also as a sign of commitment and involvement. However, Israel did not always live up to the responsibility of bearing the name of Yahweh and honoring Him in the ways they should have. When the Israelites were defeated at Ai after conquering Jericho, it was due to the fact that some of them were unfaithful in obeying Yahweh.
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Joshua NJB Joshua then tore his clothes and prostrated himself before the ark of Yahweh till nightfall; the elders of Israel did the same, and all poured dust on their heads. If only we could have settled down on the other side of the Jordan! And what will you do about your great Name then? At other times, though, Israel sought Yahweh their God and obeyed Him faithfully.
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When Asa became king of Israel, he removed all the pagan altars and shrines and chopped down all the pillars and idols and brought Israel back to seeking the Yahweh and obeying his instructions and commands. Then, when Zerah the Chushite came to attack Israel with an army twice as large, Asa brought the men of Israel out and called upon Yahweh and proclaimed that they were coming there to fight in His name and for His purposes. Help us, Yahweh our God, for, relying on you, we are confronting this horde in your name. Yahweh, you are our God. Human strength cannot prevail against you!
Yahweh had placed His name upon His people so that wherever they went, they would bear His name before all the nations, making Him known and representing Him. The name of Yahweh became known throughout the land as the God of Israel and Yahweh did great things among His people for his namesake, but to their own shame and demise in bearing the name of Yahweh, Israel did a deplorable job of honoring Him to the point that even when they went into exile in Babylon the other nations became confused about the character of Yahweh.
I sentenced them as their conduct and actions deserved. This is what Yahweh has promised Mic. Bearing the name of Yahweh is not only an Old Testament notion; it also appears in the New Testament as well. Thus, bearing the name of the Messiah is inextricably linked to bearing the name of Yahweh. One cannot bear the name of the Messiah without also bearing the name of the God who sent him. People will judge the character and nature of God by seeing how His people behave. Personal conduct has always been a criterion used to evaluate the character of the one whom someone serves.
Believers are to accurately reflect the character of God and bring honor to His Name through their actions and attitudes. Being called by or bearing an honorable name requires an honorable response in return. I will write on him the name of My God and the name of the city of My God— the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God— and My new name.
http://nttsystem.xsrv.jp/libraries/67/feg-sms-lesen.php The Divine Name of God is certainly magnificent and it signifies a God who is true and faithful in all that He is and does. What God says, He will do. His Name promises that. And He will act on behalf of His people. Those acts have since been a source of testimony about who God is, and more specifically, who and what the Divine Name expresses. God will be whatever God wills to be. It is the God expressed by the name Yahweh who we can come to know and who is worthy of all praise and worship. Glory be to Him both now and forevermore. Psalm NJB May his name be blessed for ever, and endure in the sight of the sun.
In him shall be blessed every race in the world, and all nations call him blessed. Daniel I. The best known is the story of Moses and the burning bush found in Exodus 3. God makes it clear that Moses is the first to know the secret of the divine name:. El Shaddai appears more than 30 times in the Hebrew Bible Gen. Elohim, an honorific form of El, Gen. Abraham called on the name of the Lord at Bethel Genesis , some four hundred years before the revelation to Moses. Evidence from biblical names suggests that the Israelites began using personal names bearing an element of the sacred name, such as yeho or yo at the beginning e.
Jehosaphat, Joshua , or yahu or yah and the end e. Elijah Eliyahu , only from Moses' day. The name Yahweh may have originated among desert tribes. The Bible indicates that the early Israelites identified Yahweh with the older god El , who was widely worshipped in Canaan. For example, there is a story of Abraham 's meeting with Melchizedek, the mysterious priest-king of Salem the future Jerusalem :.